Ans– Champaran satyagraha of 1970 was the first Satyagraha movement driven by Gandhiji in quite a while and is viewed as a significant revolt in the Indian freedom struggle. It was a farmer’s uprising that happened in the Champaran area of Bihar during the British common period. Champaran was an imperative region that at present shapes the East Champaran district and the West Champaran in Bihar.
“Freedom is not worth having if it does not include the freedom to make mistakes.”
– Mahatma Gandhi
Significance of Champaran Satyagraha-
- The first lesson in the disobedience movement – Gandhiji transparently navigated the region in different towns meeting farmers and meeting farmers and observing their situation and complaints against forced Indigo plantation.
- Beginning of a mass movement- Champaran satyagraha is a development that was obvious at the start of the mass development time as from now onwards masses were essential for national development.
- The rise of mass pioneer Gandhiji was based on South African experience and laid out his standing as a mass chief started in which Champaran and later Ahmedabad and Kheda developed.
- The first demonstration of non-violent Satyagraha-Gandhiji shows to individuals the proficient and genuine strategy for the procedure of Satyagraha.
- The European planters made an agreement with the cultivators for granting more compensation and command over-cultivating.
- It was accomplished without a single protest.
- Rajkumar Shukla is a hero in India from Bihar.
- Satyagraha’s strategy went to become a tool for future agitation.
Reasons for Champaran Satyagraha–
- Teen Kathia system to forced Indigo plantation.
- Arbitrary pieces given by planters to the farmers were below market price.
- Patronage of European planters by the British Indian Administration allowed a free hand.
- Gandhi Ji adopted the method of mobilization.
- While the evil was not eliminated but farmers got sustainable relief.
- One vital component of the Champaran development was That it was driven by some intelligent and prominent pioneers like Gandhiji, Rajendra Prasad, Dr. Brij Kishore Prasad, and Rajkumar Shukla.
- The spirit of the movement was based on non-violence.
- The movement was the fight against the British system which had snatched the economic site of the poor.
Role of Gandhiji in Champaran development-
- Mahatma Gandhi accepted that peacefulness could join All Indians.
- In 1916 he went to Champaran in Bihar to raise the peasants to fight against the severe estate framework.
- The vast majority of the towns were rented out by the Zamindar, Thekedar of whom the most persuasive were European Indigo growers.
- The area specialists requested him to leave Champaran. Anyway, he wouldn’t adjust to the orders and started the Satyagraha.
- It was a triumph for Gandhiji and a commission named “Champaran Agrarian Committee” was delegated to look at the exercises of the estate proprietors which Gandhiji also kept as a member.
Unprecedented for India, Gandhi was showing that alluring person, which was to draw crowds to him and get him the title of Mahatma and the tag of Bapu. Under pressure from the Government of India, the Government of Bihar appointed a warning gathering of solicitation (June 1917).
Hundred years after independence The Gandhian characteristics reflected in the improvement are as yet relevant to impact political change. After it was the underlying time when the imperialistic British government bowed before the quiet ranchers under the power of Gandhiji.
The ideas of the board were completed, generally by the Champaran Agrarian Act of 1917 and deficiently by pioneer orders which contain a couple of concessions and cure of focuses for an overhaul of rents.
Gandhiji’s responsibility prepared to progress the development and his authority allowed ranchers to develop crops whatever the decision and assumed a major part in the opportunity development. Champaran satyagraha framed the course of a chance fight in the nation and the plant of independence.