Ans– It is the destiny of a nation that is shaped in its classroom. Hence to meet the demand of the changed Global order demanding knowledge best economy to utilize India’s demographic dividend a new education policy is formulated with the progressive objective.
To replace the national education policy, 1986 The national education policy 2020 was recently passed by the cabinet based on the draught prepared by the key Kasturiranjan committee The NEP 2020 is the principal schooling strategy of the 21st hundred years of India and proposed modification and patching up of all parts of the instruction structure, including its Regulation and administration to make a framework that is lined up with the optimistic objective of the 21st century including objective 4 of the UN manageable improvement objective. i.e., Ensure comprehensive and fair quality instruction and advance deep-rooted learning an amazing open door for all by 2030.
The right to education is also a fundamental right of the Indian constitution and is also included in Directive principles and state policy.
Major recommendations and policy changes–
- Reframing the school education.
- More light on professional Studies and expertise training even at the school level.
- Target allocation of 6% of GDP in the education sector.
- Early childhood care and education i.e., 5+3+3+4 structure.
- Nutritious and educated India through breakfast facilities.
- Internship and experimental learning.
- Examination reforms.
- Three language formula for school education.
- NECI for the regulatory transformation of Higher Education.
- Multiple entries and exit at the undergraduate level through a Credit transfer system.
- Collaboration between India and foreign universities.
The education ministry is presently restricting this sort of bunch handling to assembling businesses and getting new changes to the school system. The new public schooling strategy’s evaluation will be more customary and developmental, more capability-based, advance learning and improvement, and test higher-request abilities like examination, decisive reasoning, and calculated clearness.
There is an immense accentuation on central proficiency and numeracy, no unbending partition between scholastic streams, and will remember extracurricular and professional training for schools.
India plans to turn into a wide information society and an information superpower and NEP 2020 is a stage towards a school system that appears to be none, with even-handed admittance to great training for all students paying little heed to social and monetary backwardness.
The following provisions instead the aim of equity, e accessibility, and inclusion in at the heart of the new national education policy. Early childhood care and education through Anganbadi are and one-year compulsory provisions in Kendriya Vidyalayas.
- Multilingual and vernacular language added.
- The bagless day is 10 days per year.
- Fee cap on private Institutions.
- Attract children in the foundation stage through extracurricular activities. Equitable–
- The flexibility of the subject.
- Education as a gift to children.
- No strict separation between Arts and Science.
- In between curriculum and extra activities and between vocational and academic streams there is also no separation.
- Setting up a gender inclusion fund for female and transgender students and bringing gender sensitivity as an integral part of the curriculum.
- Separate education zone with a high population.
- Children with disabilities will be unable to fully participate in regular School.
- A special mechanism like Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, a free boarding school for tribal groups.
- Fee waiver and scholarship for students good in studies.
- Added Technical Education such as computer coding in the middle stage from classes 6 to 8.
- Vocational education schools.
- Activity with the study.
- Foreign language for global Communications.
- 100% gross enrolment Nation target by 2030.
The Delhi happiness curriculum, Kerala’s first BCCL initiative can be very percussor to the implementation of national education policy. India’s am of being a 5 trillion-dollar economy by 2024 itself significantly stopping the demographic divide and that is said to be by 2040 and the national education policy through its overachieving vision is historic in the direction. utilization of opportunity with active participation and questioning for collective progress of all is the key to the success of national education policy 2020.