Q.) Identify the major pressure groups in Indian politics and examine their role in it. (62th BPSC/2017)

Ans– Pressure groups are defined as the Group of people who come along for a common goal that is to pressure their interest in government policies and in that manner, they can influence the goal of the government in their respective interests.

Pressure groups don’t challenge decisions and they may not have political programs. Pressure groups casually endeavor to impact the public authority on an explicit public arrangement issue of a segment of society.

There are various methods used by the pressure groups to make their task done.

Methods to influence politics–

  1. Elections
  2. Petitioning
  3. Propagandizing
  4. lobbying

However, sometimes they adopt illegal and illegitimate methods to perform their task. They can be strikes, violent activities, and corruption which damages the public interest and administrative integrity. these are used as a resort to force the government in their favor.

There were large numbers of pressure groups in India but they are not as developed as the countries like the USA, UK a and Germany, and other developed countries. as India is a diverse country there were different needs of the people around the country. so, the pressure groups can be of different purposes in India.

Pressure groups in India–

Business groups– include large numbers of Industrial and commercial bodies. they are the most powerful and largest group. Ex– FICCI, ASSOCHAM and others. they influence the policymaking of the government in the business sector and suggest the government is giving the final touch to any scheme.

Professional groups– there are the demands of professionals like doctors, engineers, lawyers, and teachers to enhance the service condition of the concerned through agitation.

Trade unions– trade unions are no new in India. they use to exist in the country in the four the Independence also raise the condition of the working class and today they are doing the same work. they are like the voice of the working classes. Ex– AITUC, INTUC, HMS all others.

Student groups– are made to raise the issues of students like teaching conditions, examination-related issues, college and fees facilities, and others. some of them are related to political parties like ABVP, NJVI, SFI, and others.

Agrarian groups– this represents the farmers and agricultural labor class peoples. they tackle issues like MSP, farmers’ income, and their facilities. Ex– Bhartiya Kisan Union, Bhartiya Kisan Sangh, United Kisan Sabha.

Religious groups– given religion and assume a significant part in the legislative issues of the country so, they address collective interests. Ex– Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, Jamaat-e- Islami, Roman Catholic group.

Linguistic groups– language plays an important role as it becomes the reason for the recognition of status based on language. Ex–Tamil Sangh, Hindi Sahitya Sammelan, Andhra Mahasabha.

Tribal groups– tribals are the most distinguished persons of the country and they need protection there should be listened to as India’s 10 states are called tribal states and four are Scheduled Tribes other than this many lives in areas of Assam Lakshadweep and other. Ex– NSCN, TUN, tribal Sangh of Assam.

These pressure groups are important for the countries like India where diversity lies in its 4 due to no knowledge or lack of information about the government schemes and policies. These push them to the last points. so, these are the pressure books as the voices on the behalf of people or they walked as representative of their concerns.

Pressure bunches assume the mediatory part between the individuals and the government. They balance the public endlessly interest of people. Generally, the interests of the average folks are not coordinated. Pressure bunches add to give concrete shape to the interests of individuals. This job of strain bunches is significant in interest as well as interest accumulation. The gatherings have to move requests before the government given the troubles or complaints of individuals.

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