Ans– Sustainable development goal (SDG) is an improvement that resolves the present issues without compromising the essentials for people in the future. In 2015, the United Nations general gathering took on 17 objectives with 169 related focuses to be accomplished by 2030. We talk about the SDG India index.
in 2018, NITI Aayog assigned SDG implementation in India with the help of the union government, state government, civil societies, and other stakeholders.
NITI Aayog assigns SDG goals score (0-100) To eat states and union territories in the following four categories–
- Aspirations (0-49) – Initially only Assam, Uttar Pradesh, and Bihar were under this category but all these trades improved and moved into the next stage.
- Performer (50-64) – Among these Bihar scored 50 and lowest among all.
- front Runner (65-99) – Among these most developed States such as Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Chandigarh, etc.
- Achiever (100) – This category shows 100% SDG goal achieved but till now no States achieve this category.
Significance SDG India index–
- It works to end poverty in all forms.
- End hunger and food security.
To ensure healthy lives, India manages to improve the Healthcare system so its GDP will be increased by 5%.
- It talks about gender equality, as it is also one of the major causes of concern for countries like India because of gender inequalities at different stages.
- It is ok for a peaceful and inclusive society for sustainable development.
- it will create competition among different states which will lead to an increase in the per capita income of the state as well as the GDP of India on a national basis.
Sustainability upgrades the nature of our lives by safeguarding our biological system and monitoring normal assets for people in the future. In the business world, manageability is associated with an organization’s all-encompassing methodology, which considers all that from assembling to coordinated factors to client support. Becoming environmentally friendly and feasible isn’t only really great for the firm; it likewise improves the drawn-out advantages of an ecological concentration.
Limitations of SDG India index–
- India is a developing nation and it has limitations on resources and funds, which had become worst after the covid-19 pandemic.
- only an Annual ranking will be not enough to achieve SDG goals.
- it looks like funding, also it is only advisory and cannot enforce the target.
Various steps were taken by the government of India to achieve SDG goals through notable schemes–
- SDG 1 – to end poverty, it launched MANREGA, Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Yojana, PMJAY, pension for elders, widows, etc.
- SDG 2 – To end hunger, it launched a national food security mission, MDM and PDS, etc.
- SDG 3 – To ensure healthy lives, it launched National Health Mission, Ayushman Bharat, all their schemes will reduce the burden on poor people.
- SDG 4 – to ensure equitable quality education, it launched SAMAGRA SHIKSHA, NISHTA Teacher training, and easy education loans.
- SDG 5 – to achieve gender equality, It launched Beti Bachao Beti Padhao, PM Ujjwala Yojana, state live Bihar gives 33% of government jobs to women.
- SDG 7– To ensure Clean Energy it launched the Pahal subsidy, Deendayal gram Jyoti Yojana, saubhagya for 100% electrification, National Solar Mission, etc.
- SDG 8 – to promote productive employment, it launched make in India, skill India, etc.
- SDG 9 – to build a sealant infrastructure it launched the PM Aawas Yojana, PM Sadak Yojana, Amrut Smart City, etc.
- SDG 10 – To make the City safe and inclusive cool on Smart City, Rurban mission.
India’s government structure infers that states should assume responsibility to empower progress on accomplishing the nation’s SDGs. The NITI Aayog SDG India Index is the world’s most memorable government-drove sub-public proportion of SDG progress. It has been created to catch the advancement of all states and association domains (UTs) in their excursion towards accomplishing the SDGs. This file perceives that activity is expected at all levels, and it is along these lines in light of the methodology of agreeable and serious federalism.
Hence to achieve SDG goals it is necessary to reduce social-economic disparities and implement existing schemes on the War foot level, especially during the covid-19 pandemic this will help in achieving SDG goals.