Q.) Describe the People’s participation in Bihar during the Quit India Movement of 1942.

Ans– Quit India Movement aur “Bharat Chodo Andolan” was the famous struggle in our freedom movement, also known as the August revolution. Congress working committee at its meeting in Bombay on the 5th of August 1942, passed a resolution later called the Quit India Movement.

Causes of Quit India Movement–

  1. increase in the economic depression.
  2. failure of Cripps mission.
  3. no, fulfill of British promise after the 2nd World War.

The possibility of August Kranti flying quickly finished the Bhojpuri-talking lot of Bihar. Both in the power and degree Bhagalpur since the 1930s had filled in as a significant base of Kisan Sabha. Individuals pronounced the foundation of a Public Government or Jatiya Sarkar in North Bhagalpur. Under the direction of unyielding progressive Sitaram Singh (the turn of Bhagalpur individuals’ development) an equal government jumped up at Sultanpur and
the public authority selected its own Daroga. In a constituent component of Bhagalpur, for example, Madhapur, all administration workplaces went under individuals’ ownership who ran them for scarcely any days.

Role of Bihar–

  1. Dr. Rajendra Prasad was the Pioneer among the Congress leader from Bihar and under his leadership draught was prepared for Quit India Movement in Bihar.
  2. he was arrested on 9th August 1942 and was taken to Bankipur jail with other leaders Shri Krishna Singh, Anugrah Narayan Sinha, and Palan Prasad Verma.
  3. the Congress officers and those of allied organizations were declared illegal and police took possession of all of them.

After the disappointment of the Cripps Mission, a well-known opinion for a decided attack upon the English government ran very high. Any expectations of understanding and co-activity between the British and Congress vanished. Gandhi presently started to introduce his orderly crusade for “methodical British withdrawal” from India. The mission began late in April 1942. In his perspective, “whatever the results …. to India her genuine wellbeing and Britishers also lie in a precise and convenient withdrawal from India”. The expression ‘Quit India’ from a sense of ‘do or die’ came to light.

Role of students in Bihar–

  1. Students were inspired by Mahatma Gandhi’s slogan of doing or dying.
  2. On August 11, 1942, At Patna, the students marched in the afternoon to hoist the national flag on the buildings of the Patna Secretariat.
  3. Around 4 pm on the order of the District Magistrate of Patna, 13 to 14 rounds were fired from the premises of the secretariat.
  4. As a result, 7 students were killed and around 25 workers injured badly.
  5. These noble sacrifices of seven students intensified the Quit India Movement in the province of Bihar.
  6. Unfortunately, this turned into violence as a result of it The agitation uprooted the railway lines, Damaged telephone wires, Burned Police stations, and seized post office officers and other government buildings.

This led to clashes with administrative machinery. but this was a planned and spontaneous outburst against the ruthless oppressive measure of the government. on the other hand, this movement held constructive aspects as well. it emphasizes the establishment of people’s Rule By building up the structure of national government from the bottom.

Experiments in these kinds of Panchayati Raj were successfully made at some places special in Saharsa and Supaul area. Most Patriots of Bihar flew to the Nepal Tarai region. there they receive sympathy and assistance from local people. the sum of the freedom fighters who were confined in Hazaribagh jail, Escaped to Nepal. They were Jayaprakash Narayan, Ramnandan Mishra.

In Nepal the Bihari heroes along with Suraj Narayan Singh, and Ram Manohar Lohia from “Azad Dastan” To serve the country adopt the Guerrilla Warfare method against Britishers like Babu Veer Kunwar Singh adopted once in his reign. But unfortunately, soon they got arrested in 1943 and confined in Hanuman Nagar jail.

The popularity of the Quit India Movement was higher in Bihar and Eastern Uttar Pradesh as compared to other parts of the country. this movement turned out to be successful to thread Britishers. this was the last movement at the mass level in the course of India’s freedom struggle.

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