Q.) Describe the main features of Pala art in relation to Nalanda and Bihar. (41 BPSC/1997)

Ans– Pala rulers were incredible supporters of craftsmanship and art, Nalanda, Vikramshila. A form of art developed under the support are called Pala rulers called “Pala Art”. The Pala School of Cultural art is recognized as a distinct feature of Indian art. The Pala tradition governed from the eighth century to the twelfth century in the areas of Bihar and Bengal.

Aside from being conquerors and military heroes, Pala rulers were likewise incredible examples of workmanship and designers of the trend of arts, that was created under the support.

The Pala art reached an unexpected conclusion after the annihilation of the Buddhist memory by Muslim Invaders in the thirteenth century.


  1. Different Mahavihara, stupas, relics, and Temple were developed the majority of the engineering work strictly the initial 200 years of Pala period fine art overwhelmed Buddhist workmanship and craftsmanship. This covers a period span of 200 years. among the various maha vihara, Nalanda, Vikramshila, somapura, and Pandita Vihar is notable.
  2. Dharmapala constructed the Vikramshila Mahavihara at Patra Ghat in the Bhagalpur district of Bihar. somapura Vihar and Vikramshila Vihara were acknowledged in the Buddhist world as two important centers of this learning in that period.
  3. The remains of both Gaya and Nalanda give a glorious west of service stupas and sanctuaries. One of the largest Buddhist Vihara in Indian subcontinents and the plan of its Central Sharif was involved in Bengal. Pala temples–
  4. are celebrated as patterns of many Buddhist monasteries sites. however, several temples still survive. Numerous nearby Vernacular structures and customs of Bengal additionally impact the style of sanctuaries. Generally noticeable of these what’s the state of the bending and inclining sides of the bamboo rope of a Bengali cottage.
  5. Mahipala got hundreds of temples built in Kashi. Sculptures–
  6. The pala Art school is perceived as a particular period of Indian workmanship and is noted for the creative virtuoso of the Bengal models.
  7. A new style of stone and bronze sculptures emerged during this period.
  8. There are two types of structures that were made in this period. those are bronze sculptures and stone sculptures.
  9. Bronze sculptures were used by a casting method called “cire perdue”.
  10. Stone models work for the most part made of dark basalt stone this was accessible in The Hills of Santhal Pargana in Munger.
  11. The fundamental originators of the Pala school of art were Dhiman and Vithpal. Paintings– paintings of the Pala period are available in two forms– Manuscript paintings–
  12. These artistic creations were done on Palm leaves Pala’s paintwork is made by fragile apprehensive lines and arousing style and a straight and brightening accent.
  13. These paintings are found on copper plates. the color used for red black yellow white etc.
  14. Example– Aasthasahasrika, Pragya paramita panchraksha. Mural paintings–
  15. mural paintings have been found in Sarai Sthal Nalanda.
  16. these were the wall or wall paintings notable in pal carpets features are geometric lead disrupting humans and general flowers and animals.
  17. impacts of Ajanta and Baga caves have been seen in the way of making images and paintings.

It is clear from the above description about the connectivity of Buddhism with Pal art of and also various forms of development during the Pala period. the Pala dynasty created an environment for Buddhist monasteries to thrive and discuss philosophies without precedence and spread ideas around the world leaving a legacy that we can still see today.

Thus, the Pala art, through its quality structure and architecture and interesting painting especially manuscripts provided continuity to the growth of art and culture in the Eastern region.

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