Q.) Critically examine the role of the Governor in state politics in India, particularly in Bihar. Discuss the issues related to abuses of the post of Governor in state politics.

Ans– The Governor is the constitutional and Chief Executive head of state whose powers are specified in part VI of the constitution. Additionally goes about as a representative of the Central Government. The governor structures a significant piece of the state leader.

Roles and responsibilities–

  1. Fills in as the state chief executive officer and regulates the elements of the presidential part of the government.
  2. Give endorsement to the presentation of the money bill.
  3. Appointment of judges of the district court.
  4. Prescribes the state chief executive officer to the president.
  5. Appoints the advocate general, Chairman, and individuals of the State Public Commission.
  6. Give endorsement to the presentation of the money bill.

Powers of Governor-

Executive power-all chief activities taken in his name.

  1. Appoints the Chief Minister and other ministers.
  2. Chooses advocate general of the state and decides his remuneration.
  3. Chooses state political decision official.
  4. Chooses the Chairman and individuals of the state public service commission.

Legislative power-the lead representative is an essential piece of the state overseeing body.

  1. Can bring the state law-making body and break down the state legislative assembly.
  2. He can send messages to the house or places of the state council concerning bills forthcoming in the governing body.
  3. He can choose one part of the state governing body from the Anglo-Indian people group.

Financial power– acts as the chief economic planner of the state.

  1. A money bill can be acquainted with the state council solely after the earlier Recommendation of the Governor.
  2. Constitutes a money commission like clockwork to survey the financial position of panchayats and districts.

Judicial power-Pardoning powers against disciplines.

  1. He is advised by the president while naming the named specialists of the concerned state High Court.
  2. He makes postings, actions, and appointments of the district judges in consideration with the state High Court.

Role of Governor in the context of Bihar–

  1. In 1971, the governor of Bihar, Dev Kant Barooh took a controversial step in Bihar. he received the resignations of ministers. isn’t an urgent report to the president and while awaiting the central orders, he dissolved the assembly and accepted the resignation of all 34 ministers.
  2. In 2005, the Assembly Elections conducted in Bihar resulted in no party reaching the majority figure. Bihar saw the imposition of the president’s rule in March. A month later, Governor Buta Singh recommended the assembly be dissolved. Elections were again held in October and Nitish Kumar-led NDA formed their government. A year later, the matter reached the Supreme Court and the Supreme Court observed the actions of Buta Singh “reeked of malifade intent”.

The constitution empowers the governor to hold a bill for the President’s consideration. This is a significant ‘discretionary power’ which is essential for the lead representative to ensure that state regulations fall inside the system of the constitution. In any case, such gubernatorial obstruction would be fundamental without a doubt, once in a blue moon and the assumption, in opposition to the truth, is that its technique ought not to be abused to ‘cold capacity’ a bill reasonably passed by the state governing body.

Thus, the constitution has assigned the dual role to the Governor in the Indian federal system. Indeed, the governors are called the agents of the center. He accidentally presented it to the president, whenever witnesses any failure in constitutional machinery in the state he sends a report to the president. He also enjoyed more powers during the president’s rule in the state.

3 thoughts on “Q.) Critically examine the role of the Governor in state politics in India, particularly in Bihar. Discuss the issues related to abuses of the post of Governor in state politics.”

Leave a Comment

%d bloggers like this: