Q.) Discuss the possible benefits and associated concerns with India’s membership of QUAD.


Ans– Quadrilateral security dialogue (QUAD) Is an informal strategic partnership of four countries that is India, Japan, the United States in Australia. it was formed in 2007 but did not work. it again gets revived in 2017 due to the emergence of the importance of Indo- The pacific region and the increasing influence of China. …

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Q.) What is Cloudburst? What are its effects? Why are they more frequent in the Himalayan region?


Ans– A Cloudburst alludes to an outrageous measure of downpour that occurs in a brief period, in some cases joined by hailstorms and thunder. Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) defines it as unexpected precipitation exceeding 100 mm for our geographical area approximately 20 to 30 square kilometers. As demonstrated by a report on streak flood, downpours …

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Q.) Since the end of the cold war, NATO has struggled to redefine its role and relevance. Critically analyze.


Ans– North Atlantic Treaty association (NATO) is a tactical partnership laid out by North Atlantic Treaty, likewise called the Washington settlement in April 1949 by the United States, Canada, and a few Western European Nations to give aggregate protection from the Soviet Union. at present, there are 30 member states in NATO and its central …

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Q.) While to different nations, The Indian Ocean is only one of the sea regions to India it is the fundamental ocean and has a future is subject to the opportunity of its waters. Discuss.

Indian Ocean

Ans- The significance of the Indian Ocean is featured by one of the disavowed negotiators JL Nehru as “History has shown that anything power controls the Indian Ocean has, it is the primary occurrence, in India ocean exchange under her control, and in second India’s Independence itself”. The above assertion shows the significance of the …

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Q.) Central Asia is located at the heart of the Eurasia map, its Geographic proximity and historical linkages, render the region highly relevant to India’s strategic interests. Discuss.

Eurasia map

Ans– Central Asia as a region located at the heart of the Eurasia map has always been an important geostrategic location due to its economic opportunities and regional stability in the context of international relations. Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, and Tajikistan are groups of 5 countries that are generally referred to as Central Asian countries. …

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Q.) What is the national river interlinking project? Can this be a viable solution to the water crisis India is facing currently? Critically examine.

national river interlinking project

Ans– Former Indian President APJ Abdul Kalam’s speech mentioned: “How one part of India gets flooded with water while other fights for a single drop.” He mentioned the interlinking of rivers as a viable solution. Today we talk about the national river interlinking project. India is a big country having distinct geomorphic structures one part …

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Q.) How are tropical cyclones formed? Usually, the Bay of Bengal witnesses cyclones compared to the Arabian Sea. However, in recent times there is an increase in cyclones in the Arabian Sea. Discuss.

tropical cyclones

Ans– Tropical cyclones are those that formed between the tropics and rotate in the center clockwise direction. tropical cyclones are characterized by low atmospheric pressure, high winds, and heavy rains. tropical cyclones are among the four most destructive weather phenomena and also it is known by other names like hurricanes and typhoons. The surface of …

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